Beginners’ Guide: Understanding Cold Forging Process

Beginners’ Guide: Understanding Cold Forging Process

Cold forging remains one of the fastest-growing forging methods in the manufacturing industry. This is because of the many advantages that it offers compared to most of the available alternatives. It is easy to work with and does not include a lot of steps such as hot forging, among many other benefits.

To understand how cold forging works, you need to learn the steps on have to go through from the start to the end. You might have watched a cold forging video, but in this guide, we are giving a practical process. Here are steps that detail how the process works:

Forging Material

The first step should be the selection of the forging material. This is a very important factor for this kind of forging because there are many types of materials used. However, not all the material can be used for the construction of various products. So, you need to get the right material for the kind of products that you need to cold forge. This is a very important factor because it will affect the quality of the end product.

You also need to know other elements about the forging material, including the hardness and strength. The other thing you need to know about forging material is the crystallization temperatures.

Die/Mold Forming

The second step should be about mold forming. This is an essential step because it is the molds that formed the shape and the size of the cold-forged product. The making of the molds is a little bit intricate and may require the use of a powerful and advanced machining machine. So you need to buy the machining machine or can opt for outsourcing the mold forming services. Make sure that every element of the product to be formed.

Press Machine

The next thing you need to get right after making dies is the compression machine. This is a crucial factor because it will determine the quality of the end product. Considering the cold forging does not include heating of the material, you need a press machine that will produce a high compression for the same material in hot forging. So, the tonnage of the press machine should be higher.


The finishing process of cold-forged products is pretty easy because this type of forging produces near-net shapes. But you need to do finishing work to fix awkward parts as well as branding if needed. These are the 4 main steps for the cold forging process.